How to Choose the Right Dental Gloves
Because dentistry is a hands-on profession, dentists must wear gloves for 40 or more hours per week to protect themselves from exposure to pathogens in the patient’s saliva and blood. It also serves as a barrier against the harsh and irritating antiseptic solutions that exist.
In addition to protecting the dentist, wearing gloves is a key factor in preventing communicable infection for patients. Here is where dental gloves come into play.
Today, several types of gloves are available, some specifically for use in medical purposes including dentistry. Here, we have come up with this brief guide on choosing the right dental gloves. So, read on.
Different Types of Dental Gloves
There used to be two types of gloves: latex and vinyl. Today, the development of various synthetic materials has resulted in a range of gloves to choose from, each material has its strengths and weaknesses, so it is up to dentists to choose the type of gloves that best suits their needs.
Natural Rubber Latex Gloves
Natural rubber latex dental gloves make up the bulk of gloves manufactured and used. They have been considered the gold standard since their introduction and for many years the only material used for the manufacture of gloves. They are available in powdered and non-powdered form, the powdered alternative facilitating the donning of dental gloves.
Advantages of latex gloves include excellent protection, high dexterity and durability, comfort. They also cost low.
Disadvantages: Should not be worn by people with allergies to latex. Not recommended for use with certain chemicals. Ozone, oxygen and UV light can damage these gloves.
Nitrile, a synthetic elastomeric polymer of carboxylate butadiene was a material developed during WWII due to the shortage of latex, but it was not commercially available until 1969. Nitrile gloves are a suitable alternative for people with a latex allergy. They are often used particularly for clinical purposes.
Benefits: Alternative for those with latex-related allergies. Resistant to glutaraldehyde and other chemicals. Excellent durability. Resistant to punctures.
Disadvantages: Susceptible to deterioration from ozone, UV light and oxygen. If injured, nitrile gloves tear easily.
Polyvinyl chloride is a thermoplastic glass at room temperature. When plasticized to reduce its hardness, it can be used as glove material. Vinyl was made as a synthetic alternative to latex gloves. But the high failure rates (up to 68%) have questioned the safety of using vinyl gloves for surgical procedures. New vinyl blends on the market have been designed to ensure a better fit and ease of use.
Advantages: An alternative to natural rubber latex. Not affected by ozone or UV light. Less expensive than other variants.
Disadvantages: Less durability. Not suggested for use with synthetics, for example, glutaraldehydes and others. Poor puncture and tear resistance.
How to Choose the Right Dental Glove?
It is very important to choose the right glove to help the dentist treat his / her patient safely. The following parameters should be evaluated before choosing gloves:
Choosing the right glove size is an important criterion when it comes to choosing which gloves to use. A glove that is too loose or too tight can prevent the dentist from performing to their full potential and tends to be uncomfortable. Too large gloves can cause adverse dexterity and too small a size can cause hand fatigue.
It is recommended that surgical gloves should be at least 4 mil thick. Gloves are available in different thicknesses ranging from 2 mil to 8 mil. Heavy duty latex gloves are approximately 15 mil thick. (1mil = 1/1000 inch)
The tensile strength measured in megapascals (MPa) is the force required to stretch the glove until it breaks. The higher the number, the greater the tear resistance of the glove.
Acceptable Quality Level (AQL)
Acceptable Quality Level is the safety level of the barrier protection. Lower AQL speaks to a greater item, which implies that the assembling cycle permitted fewer imperfections.
So, these are the parameters you need to keep in mind when choosing the right pair of dental gloves. You can always connect with us for quality gloves suited for any and every purposes.