Different Types of Tyres
The usual difficulty when purchasing tires is to consider the various types of tires and which one would fit best for your vehicle.
The right approach to research is by grouping tires. Start with your vehicle type. After deciding which types of tires are ideal for your vehicle, you can decide which model is better for you and suits your driving conditions and needs.
The all-season touring tire is designed to provide high-speed stability and control, as well as solid all-season traction. These will usually have a symmetrical pattern and radial grooves for wet surface grip.
Performance tires typically have wider radial and side grooves for wet conditions grip. They also feature reasonably thick sipping and silicone tray compounds for improved grip despite environmental conditions.
Summer tires are designed for durability in rainy and dry environments. They’re not built for all-season traction. Suitable for hot climates, these provide better traction and responsive handling in rainy or dry environments. Summer tires usually have solid touch areas, sufficient radial grooves for aquaplaning resistance and minimal or no sipping. They are suitable for performance vehicle efficiency in hot climates.
Highway tires have all-season tread designs and are built to facilitate the extra weight of trucks or SUVs. They’re designed to be really stable on the ground. Many highway tires have durable compounds and tread patterns that avoid uneven wear and have long-lasting tread life. Generally, they feature sipping for improved all-season traction.
All-terrain tires are usually more rugged than highway or trail tires. They have wider tread frames and more openings to provide stability when driving off-road. All-terrain tires also have an extreme weather support icon. They’re built to accommodate dirt, sand, and mild mud. Many all-terrain tires gain this off-road stability with hardly any discomfort on the road. In addition to the off-road thrills, they offer highway traction and convenience. Most drivers prefer all-terrain tires as they have a sporty look with hardly any loss of noise, convenience, or durability.
Mud-terrain offer highly aggressive tread patterns with very wide tread blocks and more gaps. This helps the tires to achieve more grip in soft soil, such as thick mud and sand. They also have powerful sidewall designs that improve grip in softer terrain while giving the tire a rather tougher look. Usually, sidewalls are strengthened to survive punctures, blisters, and tears that typically occur while going off-road.
In addition, mud-terrain tires are less stable on the roads and appear to be heavier than less rugged tires. They are ideally suited to cars that see frequent off-road travel, off-road adventurers, as well as those planning for an off-road experience.
Winter tires are designed for ideal grip in harsh winter conditions. Winter tires come in a wide range of varieties and are designed for a much larger variety of vehicles. Winter tires feature strong sipping and deep radial grooves that serve to eliminate snow and ice from the ground surface. The two major types of winter tires are studded and non-studded.
Studded winter tires feature tiny metal studs or pins designed to provide a maximum of traction to slippery surfaces. Studded tires, though perfect for extreme snow conditions, can create extra noise and annoyance. Studded winter tires are illegal to be used in some jurisdictions. They are advised only if you travel in the toughest of winter climate. Non-stud winter tires have all the characteristics of studded winter tires, minus studs. They are engineered for ideal traction in cold weather, and also have a good grip on the icy surfaces.
Truck tires are different from other tires because of the resist wear and tear damage when you put a lot of pressure and weight on them. Mostly, you can expect a tread life of more than 60,000 miles from high-quality truck tires such as Falken RI151. Moreover, these have special rubber and stronger sidewall compounds which resist rock cuts and stone drilling.